Graduation pride at De Doorns Primary for Grade R learners!

Ntsiki Ntusikazi, one of our Early Literacy Specialists gives us insight into the graduation, “Learners and parents were over the moon on this special day. During the year, it has been good to witness the amazing confidence of the Grade R TIME longitudinal study parents, in supporting their children’s learning at home. They kept on updating WW by consistently sending videos working with their children.

Wordworks is conducting a 2-year longitudinal study with 37 children and 67 parent/caregivers using our TIME (Together in my Education) programme at home. 4 of the 37 children that are a part of the study attend De Doorns Primary.

Wordworks was invited to address the group, and we used the opportunity to talk to the plus minus 120 parents who attended the graduation. Bukelwa spoke to parents about the importance of supporting children’s education at home and told them about our programmes that help parents to support children’s learning at home.

See more about the TIME and Home-School Partnerships programmes here:

https://wwhomeliteracy.org.za/time/

Little Stars zones in on Western Cape Districts 

Early Childhood Development (ECD) practitioners have graduated in the Little Stars Programme. Little Stars has been developed by Wordworks for language and literacy learning in pre-Grade R using a story-based language approach. Since the start of implementation in two Western Cape Districts in February 2022, Wordworks has  conducted training sessions, classroom observations for implementation support, Interviews with ECD practitioners, principals and district officials.

The funding for this project is through the Old Mutual Foundation to run the Little Stars Pilot projects in two Western Cape Education Department (WCED) districts. Through the project implementation Wordworks will assess the impact of the resource-based training on practitioners’ knowledge and practice as one practitioner shares, “I am feeling much more positive in myself when I need to tell the story to my group. Then what I did before I attended the little star group.” Wordworks has also used the project to assess children’s language and early literacy skills with the help of the practitioner’s feedback, “every day you learn something new about the program and it helps us with the children’s language development.”Read More

Ready, Steady…action!

Our Ready Steady Read Write (RSRW) team held a celebratory graduation ceremony yesterday for all the new RSRW Programme coordinators. The event took place live on YouTube, and backstage, the cameras and the excitement  were rolling! The event also applauded coordinators that have been working with the RSRW programme for five or more years! Wordworks’ RSRW Programme manager, Paulene Solomon elaborates on what this accomplishment means: “Participants who complete Coordinator training are equipped to train tutors to work with Grade R and Grade 1 children using the RSRW Programme, to set up and manage a RSRW site and to administer early literacy assessments.”

Wordworks director, Mammuso Makhanya sent a few words that were shared with the audience, “Congratulations on successfully attaining this important milestone. As Wordworks we are highly blessed to add another cohort of graduates into our reach.”Kerry Saadien-Raad says that practitioners are “the ones that keep the spirit of the programme alive and through doing this touch each of the children you work with.” RSRW coordinator graduates were encouraged to send in pictures of their lessons.Read More

 

Wordworks Early Childhood Development (ECD) team celebrates partners and graduates!

Wordworks’ (WW)  Early Childhood Development (ECD) team held a stunning 3rd Community of Practice Session and graduation ceremony for our partners who have been using the WW Little Stars (LS) and Every Word Counts (EWC) programmes. These are part of our early literacy development programmes. WW partners had the opportunity to present information on how they used the programmes and what resulted from incorporating them into classrooms.Read More

 

Zero2Five Trust takes November by storm with the help of Wordworks and Biblionef South Africa!

One of Wordworks’ Early Childhood Development (ECD) partners, Zero2Five Trust has claimed November as their training month in the last few years and this year they are using the month to conduct workshops for their Ethekwini ECD centres, at the Baby Bear Creche in Nt’Shongweni. 

The training is for over 120 ECD sites that use resources that were donated by Wordworks and Biblionef South Africa. 

Wordworks ECD specialist, Faith Shabangu, shares how Wordworks feels about the workshops, “Wordworks is excited that Zero2five makes every effort to bring high quality ECD programmes, delivered by skilled practitioners to the communities they work in.  We wish you all the best for all the November training sessions.”Read More

 

A celebration of Home-School Partnerships (HSP) programme Teacher-facilitators!

The 2022 HSP programme Teacher-facilitators graduation has taken place and there is so much to share about this momentous occasion! 115 Teachers-facilitators from 29 schools took part in 7 online sessions of training to prepare for workshops with parents to support their children’s informal learning at home. Teachers ran 8 sessions with parents and submitted a portfolio of evidence. The portfolio reflected their insight into the HSP programme and also the growth of parents.The graduates, Wordworks, and special guest speakers all came together to celebrate this achievement through an online graduation.Read More

Implementing Wordworks ECD programmes in KZN

Lulamaphiko’s 2022 Classroom Library Project followed a  Wits University research  project in 2021 that aimed to get children to build the habit of borrowing books to  read at home. The project has been drawing on the Every Word Counts and Little stars programme.  Speaking about how the programmes have helped the project, Director Lynn Stefano had this to say “EWC and Little Stars have helped us to understand how children begin to learn to read and write, and the important role that educators and parents play in supporting these skills to emerge over time.  We believe that Gr R is a critical transition year between home and/or pre-school and Gr 1.  Unfortunately, many Gr R teachers are not supported or equipped to make the most of this year, so learners start Gr 1 having lost many opportunities to put in place reading and writing skills needed in  ‘big’ school”. According to Lynn, the Foundation phase teachers they work with now have a better understanding of how to encourage their young learners to begin to read and write.  They understand the importance of drawing as one of the foundations of writing and children delight in new opportunities to read and draw.  Read More

Wordworks evaluates its TIME parent programme

The Wordworks team is conducting a field study of theTIME (Together in my Learning) programme. Wordworks knows how important it is to get feedback from parents and caregivers as the programme was also developed with the intention to make it easier for parents and caregivers to bond with their children through their education. One parent shares, “We do TIME at least three times per week and we love it. It is our special time together. It is very well set out, easy to read and follow. V. loves all the activities, there is nothing that he doesn’t like. He will come home from school and immediately ask which TIME activity we are going to do today”Read More

Wordworks learns on the other side of the world!

Two members of the Wordworks team, three teachers and a Rotarian had the privilege of visiting Sweden and working with Rotary International. Rotary International is a worldwide organization of business and professional leaders who provide humanitarian service and help build peace and goodwill. One of the Rotary Foundations Programmes include the Vocational Training Teams (VTT) where groups of professionals travel abroad to share their expertise and to learn more about the best practices.

Rotary District 9350 from South Africa and Rotary District 2390 in Sweden, arranged for a team from South Africa, to visit Sweden in October 2022. The aim was to learn more about how schools in both countries support literacy and basic schooling in pre-school and early grades in primary school.Read More

Wordworks learns through providing support to partners

Our visit to communities in the Eastern Cape that are a part of the *Yizani Sifunde project helped us understand the logistical challenges that come with distributing thousands of books into the homes of children – but also, it has confirmed that the project is impacting the ECD practitioners and children deeply.

As our training partners on the project, Khululeka and ITEC are facilitating training, support and materials dissemination to 47 ECD practitioners. Our learning visits with our partners have taken us as far as Mdantsane, Kwelera and Burgersdorp!

Asanda Mpahla and Katherine de Wet attended a training session at ITEC, visited ECD sites, and interviewed practitioners and caregivers about their experience and understanding of the project. It was encouraging to see how the children confidently chose which Book Dash book they wanted to read. They continued to swap the books for new ones after ‘reading’ them.Read More

Sharing our work at the 2022 Literacy Association of South Africa (LITASA) conference

Wordworks is presenting on some important developments in our programmes in line with the conference theme “Rethinking literacy and pedagogic agency in the 4IR”.
 
Papers/workshops presented by Jacqui Botha, Natasha Rosen, Magali von Blottnitz, Katherine de Wet & our director, Mammuso Makhanya:
** Materials access in the digital age: hybrid offerings rooted in human connection
** Activating teachers and parents for home learning: lessons on pedagogic agency
** Bringing a Wordworks online selfstudy training course to ECD practitioners: a snapshot of pilot
** A practical introduction to the TIME programme: an early grade home learning innovation for scale

Changing the narrative in the ECD space

‘It has not been an easy journey because you have mothers who are old enough to be my mother and having to trust me with their children. There is also the discomfort that comes from the fact that I am a man but I believe that in a way, I do play a father figure role as well, especially to those children who are raised by single mothers’.  

The Early Child Development space is a predominantly female one where thousands of parents put their trust in the hands of trained female ECD practitioners, but Siya’s story is of a different kind.

We met him at a Wordworks’ event for ECD practitioners to learn a little bit more about him.Read More

The development of ECD practitioners takes centre stage in year long research study

“I thought I knew everything about storytelling but in this training I have learnt that there are many ways of telling stories such as singing songs, role play, drawing and using sequence cards”.

Wordworks, in partnership with the British Academy and Stellenbosch University, is embarking on research aimed at strengthening language and literacy teaching in pre-Grade R through training ECD practitioners on our Little Stars story-based language programme.
36 ECD practitioners working from under-resourced communities were recruited through Wordworks’ partnership with Sikhula Sonke and Ikamva Labantu (Khayelitsha) and Inceba Trust (Paarl) to participate in the first round of training from February to August this year.

The study will assess the impact of the resource-based training on practitioners’ knowledge and practice as well as on children’s language and early literacy skills. The results of the study will be shared in early 2023. In August, Wordworks held graduations of the ECD practitioners from Paarl and Khayelitsha to celebrate their participation in the study.Read More

Speaking about how the project was received in the two areas, Faith Shabangu, one of Wordworks’ lead Trainers, said “Participation was very high and there was a growth in confidence. Practitioners appreciated that the training was done in the language of learning and teaching for their centres (isiXhosa and Afrikaans). The project gave us an opportunity to work directly with practitioners and receive feedback from their implementation. This feedback helps us to improve our training methods and offer appropriate support”.

Thabisa Wabhena from Khanyisa Educare in Makhaza, who’s been a practitioner for 6 years, said this training programme helped her with activities that are at the right level for the age group she is teaching: “Before this programme, we would use resources and do activities that are meant for Grade R students in the pre-Grade R classrooms and you could tell that the children were struggling to grasp the content. We did that because part of the problem was that we did not have enough pre-Grade R resources so Wordworks has really helped us with resources and in using them accordingly”.

Thabisa says she now enjoys story-telling because she knows how to interact with the kids, change voices, act out a story and be in character, and her kids are now more involved during such activities. “I’d like to thank Wordworks because I now have confidence to stand up in front of my kids because I know what I’m doing, I plan and prepare properly for my sessions and I can see the positive response I get from my kids, unlike before”.

Theresa Arendse from Paarl had this to say “I thought I knew everything about storytelling but in this training I have learnt that there are many ways of telling stories such as singing songs, role play, drawing and using sequence cards”.

Now that the practitioners have graduated from the programme, they will continue implementing Wordwork’s Little Stars programme in their classroom with the support of the Wordworks team. The second group of practitioners participating in the study will attend training from August until December 2022. [/read less]

Great-grandparents, grandparents and parents – all dedicated to supporting the little ones’ learning at home!

Another special Home-School Partnerships (HSP) certification event!

Levana Primary School is another of Wordworks’ valued, long-term partner schools. It is lovely to see a great-grandfather and a great-grandmother (pictured) who took the 8-week course to benefit the young ones in their care at home!

Congratulations to Teacher-facilitators, parents and caregivers, who give up their time after hours to make these workshops happen.

Our STELLAR Programme goes back to Zimbabwe

Jo Labouchere, one of Wordworks’ training partners, recently continued in-person Stellar Programme training with teachers and mentors in Zimbabwe. She went to several schools around Victoria Falls, and travelled further afield to work with ECD and Grade 1 teachers and deliver books to schools*. She also worked with mentors (a mix of school leavers and parents) who will help implement the Stellar Programme as a literacy intervention – even up to Grade 5!

Jo says: “It has been incredible to see the different schools and work with some amazing teachers. Many of the schools are in remote areas with no access to materials… Teachers often do not have basics like chalk, pens or text books provided, and children walk vast distances to get to school.

Some feedback on the training:
‘I am fully equipped to teach both Tshivenda and English using the materials I have been given. I will also support teachers who remained behind to make teaching more meaningful’. Read More

This story will warm your heart

Madwaleni Hospital in the Eastern Cape believes, as we do, that ALL children have the right to be exposed to a language rich environment, including those who have developmental difficulties.

They train the caregivers, therapists and ECD practitioners of affected children at the hospital and surrounding communities, on the Wordworks EVERY WORD COUNTS (EWC) Programme, and LITTLE STARS classroom-based programme.

Caregiver training encourages book reading with their children (even those who have disabilities like cerebral palsy and need to be in special positions like in a ‘Waskom’ or lying down on their backs. Caregivers are also  trained in the CP (cerebral palsy), T21 (Down’s Syndrome) and SAM (severe acute malnutrition) groups regarding play.

Madwaleni also trains community service speech and occupational therapists working in other hospitals in their district to support their services and provide them with EWC materials for caregiver training. 

Wordworks in Gauteng

Wordworks has broadened its horizons to support early language and emergent literacy teaching in the Gauteng Province. Wordworks has been appointed the Language technical partner to the Gauteng Grade R Improvement Programme and has been responsible for materials development as well as the training of trainers, which started in the 4thTerm of 2021.  

The  Grade R Home Language Improvement Programme is fully *CAPS-aligned and designed to strengthen the oral language and emergent literacy of Grade R learners. It is organised into  two-week cycles of teaching  built around a story which is brought to life for the learners through fully interactive activities.

The programme is supported by the following resource components that were developed in close collaboration with the GDE: A Concept Guide which sets out the educational and curriculum principles that underpin the programme design; Read More

The first thousand days of a child’s life

Through presentations and events Sikunye spreads the powerful idea that churches can play a unique and significant role in the First Thousand Days (FTD) of a child’s life.  Sikunye is an initiative of The Common Ground Church together with church leaders and congregants.

This week Wordworks and Nal’ibali were guest speakers at one of their big biannual events. Wordworks’ presentation focused on TALKING and emphasised that communicating with your baby helps the baby’s brain to grow.

Our Early Literacy Specialist, Faith Shabangu, presented on behalf of Wordworks, and she says,Read More

Teamwork leads to change

Heideveld Primary School held their Home-School Partnerships (HSP) programme graduation recently. As well as graduating parents, six newly trained HSP teacher-facilitators were celebrated as well! This occasion was attended by all the HSP facilitators, trained and established, standing together with parents as a team 

Parents were passionate about sharing the fun they had with their children. They embraced  learning through playing. The facilitators prepared 3 easels with newsprint paper in the playground for parents to reflect on their learnings (see frame 3). They worked in groups and gave feedback on the poster they made. A good advert for their community to see the impact of the programme! Read More

A celebration filled with sweet treats and proud hearts!

Square Hill Primary School held a certification event on the 21st of May for parents and caregivers that completed the Home-School Partnerships (HSP) programme! 

Square Hill began with 20 participants attending the workshops and ended off with a bang, with 14 of them graduating. 6 HSP teacher-facilitators conducted the eight sessions with the parents on Saturday mornings. Square Hill HSP coordinator, Juliet George describes her approach with the teacher-facilitators: “We actually split our sessions up between the facilitators so that each of their home lives weren’t drastically impacted. We also had a lot of group and interactive work.” 

At the function, the deputy principal Imelda Nefdt acknowledged the parents’ efforts on behalf of the school. Colleen Diedericks attended the graduation on behalf of Wordworks and spoke  about the important role that the teachers of Square Hill have played in supporting parents to assist their children’s early literacy development and thereby uplifting their community. Read More

South African NGOs coming together for early literacy development!

Nal’ibali, BookDash, and Wordworks have partnered in the Yizani Sifunde project, funded by Liberty Community Trust, which focuses on improving early literacy in the Eastern Cape. The project has been working in communities from East London, Sterkstroom, Molteno and Burgerdorp. The consortium aims at strengthening early literacy development in the early childhood development (ECD) sector. 

Since the initial implementation in 2021, Yizani Sifunde has reached over 1400 children. ECD centres have received resources from our classroom-based programme for pre Grade R, Little Stars, to implement in the classroom. Children have also received storybooks from BookDash in their home language to take home and read with family, as can be seen in frame 1. This has also encouraged more practitioners, parents and caregivers to start reading stories to young children, highlighting the importance of reading in their home language.Read More

Laying the Foundation for Functional Literacy in the Early Grades

School Leadership Forum(SLF)has partnered up with Wordworks (WW) to curate an early literacy online course for educators. This course, Laying the Foundation for Functional Literacy in the Early Grades, is accredited with the South African Council for Educators (SACE). Attendees are awarded with 10 points.

This course consists of four sessions that will be running until mid-August. Session 1 took place on the 26th of May and focused on strong oral language as the foundation for literacy.

Teachers that attended the first session enjoyed the Wordworks videos that were used during the session. The Wordworks facilitators in frames 1 and 2, prompted discussions after which the participants engaged in chat groups to take the conversations further. It is anticipated that these online discussions will only improve as they warm up to each other over the course of the sessions.Read More

Online learning in the 21st century!

The Wordworks (WW) programme, Ready Steady Read Write (RSRW) is now in its  second year of using a dual online training model. This includes an online Learning Management System (LMS) on which users can complete the self-study programme at their own pace.

Face to face training is always great, but online training also has its benefits as we reach more participants across the country. WW has recreated the programme to fit into an online course. With this online course, participants are given the opportunity to complete the course in their own time, processing and grasping the concepts..

Newly recruited coordinators are registered by their organisations and schools to learn online how to run the RSRW tutoring programme. The programme comes with targeted reading and writing skills that work as solid support for Grade R and Grade 1 learners.Read More

Creativity and literacy – a successful relationship.

Creative Skills Factory is a NPO based in the Overstrand. This organisation keeps their eyes and mission set on providing holistic support for children, families, caregivers, and teachers. The support is given to assist individuals in developing a foundation of social and emotional skills. Creative Skills Factory uses our Little Stars Programme in their Early Learning Programme.  

The Creative Skills Factory NPC team says, “We would like to express our appreciation to (Wordworks) for your wonderful resources which we are thoroughly enjoying using in our work with young children.”

Creative Skills factory uses the Little Stars Programme and its stories to not only encourage the children to learn, but to also encourage their creative thinking.Read More

Young people continue to create change!

The WCED @HomeLearning Programme in partnership with Year Beyond (that provides experience for unemployed youth, referred to as ‘Yeboneers’), are using our TIME programme materials as one of a number of activities that are being used in the communities and schools.

The Yeboneers are conducting the TIME sessions in a number of communities in Winelands, Eden Karoo and West Coast.

As one of many activities, mentors support Yeboneers to run parent/caregiver workshops, one which includes doing practical TIME activities with them. This assists them in understanding the materials, after which they will be able to support children with the activities. The Yeboneers work directly with the children in the community and also run specific TIME sessions at schools, which children attend voluntarily.Read More

Here at Wordworks we’re celebrating Mother’s Day alongside all of you!

Today we are shining light on how engaging in literacy activities with your child enhances that special bond!

Mem Fox said that “The fire of literacy is created by the emotional sparks between a child, a book, and the person reading.”  To all the mothers out there – may the literacy fire between you and your child always remind you of how special you truly are.

Some mothers in the WW team shared how reading together has brought them closer to their children:

Jacqui says “Reading with my children has, and always will be, my most treasured time spent with them. No matter what kind of day we’ve had, when we start reading, the world somehow feels different … lighter and happier. Working at Wordworks has taught me that there is no greater gift that we as mothers can give our children, than the gift of reading. It not only benefits our children’s educational journey, but it feeds their souls and opens their minds to a world of magic and unlimited possibilities. ”Read More

Wordworks without borders!

Jo Labouchere has been doing various projects with Wordworks for 11 years. She has widened the spread of our work and taken our programmes  to teachers in Zimbabwe, training them on the Wordworks Ready Steady Read Write and Stellar Home Language programmes since 2017. Post-Covid, she went back to conduct in-person Stellar training with 40 teachers. 

Jo says, “It was so exciting to be able to visit the teachers of Zimbabwe and Zambia again after two years’ delay.  Many of the teachers travelled far to attend the training.”

During the past two years Wordworks has updated the Stellar material with new activities, which now cover a full year of literacy teaching. The participants were so excited to see the new materials and realise that they now have a full years’ literacy programme.Read More

A school of opportunities.

This week we feature another long-term partner of Wordworks (WW). Zwaanswyk Academy has been running the WW Home-School Partnerships (HSP) programme since 2015!

This year they hosted yet another heart-warming graduation for parents and caregivers that completed the programme.

In the HSP programme, teachers are trained to run a series of workshops over eight weeks to empower and inspire parents and caregivers of children aged 6 to 8 years to support informal and fun learning at home.

Two of the current teachers have been facilitators since this school began running the programme.

Even though the programme is targeted at mainly parents, a Grade 4 teacher from the school attended the entire course because she felt that as a mom, there are always things to learn and ways to improve her child’s literacy skills.

Another mother attended the course through the encouragement of her husband, who had attended the course 6 years ago and was still reaping the rewards.Read More

Making a difference in the lives of the youth!

Year Beyond, otherwise known as Yebo, runs as a Youth Service programme for 18 to 25 year olds that assists them in gaining meaningful work experience, work while volunteering, and stepping onto a path that could help further their studies. 

The @HomeLearning programme and Year Beyond will be providing Workworks TIME programme materials to grade R and grade 1 learners in over 50 schools in the Western Cape, and the life-changing approach doesn’t stop there!

The schools located in the Cape Winelands, Eden Karoo, and the West Coast will receive the materials that encourage at home learning but in addition to that, over 300 unemployed youth have been recruited as Yeboneers and will use the TIME materials in community hubs and to provide support for the children.Read More

Fairview Primary School celebrates 10 years of running the Wordworks HSP programme 

Fairview Primary School, located in the heart of Grassy Park, has always prioritised providing the best and most efficient approach to education for their learners. The Wordworks Home-School Partnerships Programme (HSP) was introduced to Fairview by their late teacher Mrs Agmat, and the school worked to get the HSP programme to be an integral part of Fairview’s educational strategy. This has led to Fairview celebrating 10 years of running the Wordworks’ HSPP in March, 2022! Read More

A husband and wife team that goes above and beyond!

Mr and Mrs Malope are a couple that have proven that enough is never enough! Being the parents of 27, 21, and 15 year old girls, the Malopes haven’t let parenting duties stop them from going the extra mile for children that are in need. They also foster two, four, and five year olds. The Malopes run their own ECD centre and orphanage. The Malopes wanted to try a different parenting approach, “so we can employ contemporary methods in dealing with our children’s growing and learning and do away with the iron hands approach we grew up with.” They decided to do the Wordworks Home-School Partnerships Programme (HSP) Programme with Ubunye Educare Centre to help them evolve their parenting. Read More

 

Libraries – keeping the doors of learning open!

The week of the 14th to the 18th of March was #LibraryWeek. We shared some recollections from Wordworks team members of their experiences with public libraries.
Here are extracts from pieces written by Colleen Diedericks, Natasha Rosen and Magali von Blottnitz.
We need to ensure that libraries are valued and kept open for the essential role they play in society.
ReImagine…RePurpose…ReDiscover…Libraries!

Wordworks and Book Dash – in partnership to change lives through literacy

Seven years down the line, the partnership between these two NGOs has resulted in over 26 600 books for little ones going to children in families across the provinces. This distribution has happened through the many schools, ECD centres and NGOs that run Wordworks programmes.

Julia Norish, Book Dash Director, says: “We value our work with Wordworks so much for its reach and impact.”  And we feel the same way about Book Dash!

Read more about Book dash here:  https://bookdash.org/

Helping young children learn Maths at home can be fun!

A great partnership between Wordworks and the Primary Science Programme (PSP) has resulted in 3000 parents in our Home-School Partnerships (HSP) network having access to their Practical Maths at Home guide for parents. The book enhances children’s Maths literacy informally, in a fun way, using ordinary and daily activities at home.

This book has been excitedly received by teachers at their training as it perfectly complements the HSP session which covers learning about Maths. They could see how both they and the parents could use the very practical and engaging activities to make learning about numbers, shapes, time, measuring, patterns and data gathering easy and fun, whether using it at home or in the classroom. 

Zorina Dharsey (Director of the PSP) tells how the book was developed: Read More

A long-standing school, always moving forward!

This week we’re talking about Sid.G.Rule’s significant relationship with parents of their learners and their long-time commitment to running our empowering, and driven programme. We’re referring to the Home-School Partnerships Programme (HSPP). As you may know, HSPP is one of our well-loved and well-known programmes, and Sid.G.Rule Primary School in Grassy Park is one of the schools that can advocate that this programme is highly valued. 

The HSPP involves Wordworks training the teachers in the programme and the teachers following with 8 training sessions with the parents of learners at their school.  Parents feel empowered to support their children’s learning and develop a new connection with them. The hard work of parents is rewarded by an event, organised by the teachers, accompanied by a certificate to celebrate their new-found skills. Read More